Agnieszka Roczniak, Mariusz Holtzer, Angelika Kmita

The use of Py-GC/MS (pyrolysis/gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy) in the analysis of foundry binders: alkaline phenolic resol resin


The article presents the results of the pyrolysis of resin, the fast hardener as well as cured resin used in the ALPHASET technology. It is an alkaline phenolic resin of the resol type cured with an ester mixture. The pyrolysis was performed at 900°C in an atmosphere of helium. For the identification of the pyrolysis products, the technique of gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) was applied. The products of the uncured resin pyrolysis were mainly methyl derivatives of phenol and benzene, whereas the products of the cured resin pyrolysis, beside these compounds, also included substances derived from the hardener (esters). Acetone was identified as the product of the pyrolysis hardener, which originated from the decomposition of propylene carbonate.

Keywords: pyrolysis, Py-GC/MS, phenolic resol resin, esters, moulding sands,
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