The article discusses the most important results of research, development and implementation works conducted under Target Projects in years 2006-2007 at the two Polish foundries, i.e. „Radom" Fittings Factory in Radom and MJM Jarosław Michalak Foundry Shop in Ostrołęka. The aim of the projects was to develop a modern, economical and ecological process for the casting manufacture. In "Radom" Foundry the investigations were carried out on fittings and pipe connections cast from malleable iron; in MJM Foundry in Ostrołęka the examined castings were made from aluminium-silicon alloys and assigned for use by the power industry. Some problems faced by the Foundries in respect of casting quality were described, optimum solutions were searched, and the results of these searches were stated. The proposed solutions suggest using in foundry practice the moulding sands of a new type, containing in their composition the recently developed foundry coal dust substitute of the trade name "kormix".
Keywords: bentonite moulding mixtures, coal dust, kormix – a coal dust substitute, casting surface quality, ecological manufacturing process,
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This work reviews the current state of research regarding high temperature sulphidation resistance of Fe-Cr-Al steels that belong to a family of AFA (Alumina Forming Alloys). The behavior of these steels in hot gases environment (sulphur, H2S, combustion gases, mercaptans etc.) is a subject of intensive research. During high temperature sulphidation none-protective porous and cracking multilayer scale is formed on their surface. The chemical composition of this scales depends on atmosphere composition. Mostly, the XRD analysis shows that mainly the scales consist of iron, chromium, aluminum sulphides and sulfospinels. The amount of particular sulphides in particular layers depends on atmosphere, temperature, time of sulphidation and chemical composition of the material. The growth of multilayer scales take place by the outward diffusion of metal cations (Fe, Cr, Al) through the defects of the crystal lattice and inward diffusion of the sulphur through the discontinuities in the layer structure.
Keywords: scale, sulfides, Fe-Cr-Al steels, high temperature sulfidatio,
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Tomasz Reguła, Aleksander Fajkiel, Paweł Dudek, Krzysztof Saja
Properly conducted heat treatment of cast magnesium alloys is a very important tool in increasing the mechanical properties of castings. Nevertheless, during high temperature annealing of castings made from magnesium alloys, some disadvantageous changes occur in them, mainly rapid alloy oxidising and excessive grain growth. The latter effect is particularly dangerous for metals crystallising in the hexagonal system. To prevent this effect, special heat treatment is applied to the most popular magnesium-based alloy, i.e. AZ91. The aim of this article has been investigation of the effectiveness of a special heat treatment of the alloy, compared with standard route. A method to evaluate the effectiveness of this treatment was measurement of the grain size and testing of mechanical properties.
Keywords: magnesium alloys, heat treatment, mechanical properties,
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