Mateusz Stachowicz, Patrycja Paduchowicz

The influence of heating method and the thickness of measuring cores made of olivine moulding sands with sodium silicate on the deformation tested with a DMA Hot-Distortion device


The article raises the issue of the influence of increased temperature on olivine moulding and core sands with an inorganic binder from the group of unmodified kinds of hydrated sodium silicates. Produced at laboratory conditions, moulding sands with an olivine sand matrix were formed into cuboidal specimens to test the deformation of the free measuring core end at conditions of increased temperature. In order to harden, the measuring cores made of olivine moulding sands fast microwave heating was applied to which used was a furnace with an electromagnetic wave frequency generator f = 2.45 GHz and output power of 1000 W, in the time period of 180 s. Tests were carried out on cuboidal specimens moulded in a cavity with the dimensions 25.9 × G × 120.4 mm, where G = 6 or 8, or 10 mm. Measurements of deformation of the free specimen end of the measuring cores were conducted on an automated laboratory DMA Hot-Distortion apparatus. During the measurements three techniques were used to heat the surfaces of cuboidal specimens which are applied in the Hot Distortion Test: heating from the bottom, heating from the bottom and the top (Modified Hot Distortion Test), and heating only from the top. The deformation of the free end of cuboidal specimens, depending on the thickness and heating techniques of their surfaces, served for the initial assessment of the behaviour of microwave hardened olivine moulding sands with sodium silicate at conditions of increased temperature.

Keywords: foundry engineering, olivine moulding sand, hydrated sodium silicate, thermal deformation, microwave heating,
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