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THE STUDY OF THE KINETICS OF SOLIDIFICATION AND COOLING OF PATTERN MATERIAL IN A DIE


The article presents the developed research methodology that allows the evaluation of the kinetics of solidification and cooling of pattern material in a metal mould ( die). The apparatus was described and the resu...

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CONVERSION COATINGS ON MAGNESIUM ALLOY DIE CASTINGS PART 1: THE EFFECT OF TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF THE PRESSURE DIE CASTING PPROCESS ON THE QUALITY OF CASTINGS MADE FROM THE AZ91 ALLOY


The article presents the results of research on the selection of optimum technological parameters of the hot-chamber die casting machine operation to make castings in AM50 magnesium alloy, coated next with the deco...

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EFFECT OF DIRECT IN-MOULD INOCULATION ON THE STRUCTURE OF IRON ALLOYS


In the course of the executed project, a series of investigations has been made to establish what effect a refined inoculant applied on the mould surface can have on changes in the surface structure of castings mad...

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DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY TO MANUFACTURE „MODIFIED BENTONITE” USED IN PRODUCTION OF STEEL CASTINGS WITH SPECIAL REGARD TO CASTING SURFACE QUALITY


The article presents the most important results of the research, development and implementation studies carried out under one of the Target Projects as a result of cooperation between the CERTECH Technical and Comm...

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NITROGEN AND BORON EFFECT ON STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATIONS TAKING PLACE IN DUCTILE IRON DURING AUSTEMPERING TREATMENT


The role of interstitial elements, i.e. nitrogen and boron, in the process of ductile iron solidification and heat treatment of castings was discussed. Austempering of ductile iron aims at obtaining an ausferritic ...

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SELECTED PROBLEMS OF A TECHNOLOGY OF THE AZ91 MAGNESIUM ALLOY MELT TREATMENT


As expected, the increasing demand for magnesium alloy castings has already become a fact. Considering this situation, a rich program of the studies on this particular subject has been initiated and put into operat...

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ANALYSIS OF THE POURING AND SOLIDIFICATION PROCESS OF ALLOYED STEEL CASTINGS FOR LOW - TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE


The study forms a part of the program of applied industrial research executed under Target Project No. ROW-II-403/2008 at MAGNUS-NORD Sp z o.o in Toruń. Pouring and solidification of two large steel castings weigh...

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EFFECT OF HEAT TREATMENT ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF GS-20Mn5 CAST STEEL ASSIGNED FOR OPERATION AT LOW TEMPERATURES


The study formed a part of industrial (applied) research executed under Target Project ROW-II-403/2008 at MAGNUS-NORD in Toruń. The aim of the study was to select the heat treatment parameters ensuring the require...

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EFFECT OF OXIDE NANOCOATING ON SURFACE TENSION MEASUREMENTS OF PURE TIN


Surface tension of liquid tin under high vacuum was measured by the technique of large drop, using a versatile set of apparatus for high temperature testing of the properties of liquid metals and alloys. Two proced...

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RECYCLING OF WASTE FLY ASH FORMED DURING COMBUSTION OF HARD COAL FOR USE IN MOULDING MIXTURES MANUFACTURE


The article is a compilation of the most important results obtained during execution of own research project regarding the possibility of using fly ash formed during combustion of hard coal as a base granular material ...

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EVALUATING THE FEASIBILITY OF MAKING ALUMINIUM ALLOY NANOMODIFIERS BY THE METHOD OF MECHANICAL ALLOYING


Nanomaterials extend the range of their application in human activities. The past few years have faced a considerable increase of interest in various aspects of the application of nanotechnology in liquid phase met...

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HIGH TEMPERATURE BEHAVIOR OF Fe-Cr-Al STEEL UNDER OXIDIZING CONDITIONS – A REVIEW


This work reviews the current state of research regarding high temperature oxidation resistance of Fe-Cr-Al steels, that belong to a family of AFA (Alumina Forming Alloys). The behavior of these steels in hot gases...

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NEW COAL DUST SUBSTITUTES FOR BENTONITE MOULDING SANDS USED IN MANUFACTURE OF CASTINGS FROM MALLEABLE IRON AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS


The article discusses the most important results of research, development and implementation works conducted under Target Projects in years 2006-2007 at the two Polish foundries, i.e. „Radom" Fittings Factory...

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HIGH-TEMPERATURE SULPHIDATION OF Fe-Cr-Al STEELS: THE PRESENT STATE OF THE ART AND FUTURE RESEARCH


This work reviews the current state of research regarding high temperature sulphidation resistance of Fe-Cr-Al steels that belong to a family of AFA (Alumina Forming Alloys). The behavior of these steels in hot gas...

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Laboratory tests to minimise odoriferous emissions of organic pollutants during gasification of polystyrene patterns


The article presents the results of research on the emission of chemical compounds with an unpleasant odour during heating of polystyrene patterns and a solution for reducing their perception in the environment. Studies were carried out using an e...

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Technical and design study of the use of rapid prototyping technique to make an art casting of Medal commemorating the 65th Anniversary of the establishment of Foundry Research Institute in Cracow


Steps have been taken to make an art casting - a medal commemorating the 65th Anniversary of the establishment of the Foundry Research Institute in Cracow, using a rapid prototyping technique. The most important technological operations from a 2D ...

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THE EFFECT OF Ca ADDITION ON THE MICROSTRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF AZ91 ALLOY


This paper presents the results of research work related with the effect of calcium on the microstructure and mechanical properties of AZ91 alloy. Samples of appropriately prepared alloy grades containing the addition of calcium in different conce...

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SELECTED THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ALUMINUM MATRIX COMPOSITES SUBJECTED TO MULTIPLE REMELTING


This article presents the results of research on selected thermophysical properties of the commercial F3S.10S, F3S.20S, F3S.30S metal matrix composites (MMCs) based on the Al359 alloy matrix reinforced with SiC particles added in an amount of 10 v...

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ON THE DAMPING CAPACITY OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS


The study adresses the problem of the damping capacity of metal matrix composites based on A359 alloy reinforced with 10%, 20% and 30% SiCp, subjected to multiple remelting. The aim of the research was to prove that the recycling proces...

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SCIENTIFIC DATABASES CENTER AS A BASIS AND SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH IN THE FOUNDRY RESEARCH INSTITUTE. IMPLEMENTATION OF IT SYSTEM


The paper presents a range of functionality of a copyright application, the main objective of which was to create an information database and the database management system. The system was developed for the implementation of strategies to optimize...

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CHANGES IN THE MICROSTRUCTURE OF PA9 ALLOY UNDER THE EFFECT OF SQUEEZE PRESSURE


This paper presents the results of research on an impact of external pressure applied in the squeeze casting process on the structure of PA9 alloy. Samples for the research were obtained by casting the tested PA9 alloy into a die under a varying p...

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TREATMENT OF SELECTED FOUNDRY WASTE USING BIODEGRADABLE METHOD (PRELIMINARY RESEARCH)


This paper presents the applicability of Bio Activ PH biopreparation in the treatment of toxic substances (phenol, formaldehyde) in selected types of waste mouldings and core laboratory scale. This method has not been used for this type of waste s...

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THE ASSESSMENT OF CHANGES OF THE STRUCTURE OF DUCTILE CAST IRON DEPENDING ON THE TIME AND TEMPERATURE OF THE METALLURGIC PROCESS


The results of technological tests (chemical composition, solidification curves, microstructure) of ductile cast iron smelting in the Foundry Research Institute in an induction furnace. In the case of crystallization of spheroidal graphite no long...

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NICKEL LAYER DEPOSITION ON INVESTMENT CASTING POLYMER PATTERNS


The article presents a method of modification of ceramic mould surface on the boundary between lost-wax model - ceramics by using a layer of nickel on a disposable model made of a specified type of polymer e.g. polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and t...

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SIMULATION RESEARCH OF THE FLOW OF THE MEDIA THROUGH A BALL REFLUX VALVE AT VARIOUS DENSITIES OF THE FLOATING BALL WITH THE USE OF FLOW-3D SOFTWARE


Modernisation works aiming at lowering the weight andincreasing performance of the range of ball reflux valves include also, among other things, lowering the weight (density) of floating balls being an important element of this type of valve...

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CAST Al-Si MATRIX COMPOSITES REINFORCED WITH INTERMETALLIC PHASES


In the present paper research results of microstructure and selected mechanical properties of composite on EN AC-AlSi11 alloy matrix with reinforcement in the form of particle of Cr-Fe-C alloy (composite ex situ) and carbonitrides Ti, Zr, V (compo...

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THE COMPARISON OF THE MICROSTRUCTURE AND THE MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF AUSTEMPERED DUCTILE CAST IRON AND STEEL SUBJECT TO DYNAMIC DEFORMATION USING THE TAYLOR TEST


The article attempts to compare the resistance of austempered ductile cast iron and S215 steel to dynamic loads. The samples were subject to research using the Taylor test methodology at different speeds of deformation, in order to determine the c...

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Reclamability of moulding sands with new inorganic binders for non-ferrous castings


The article presents results of an investigation which constitutes a section of research under the project POIG.01.01.02-00-015/09 "Advanced materials and technologies", one of the aims which is the introduction of new ecological inorganic binders...

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The ecological aspect of moulding sands with new inorganic binders in the process of pouring moulds with liquid metal


One of the factors which influence development tendencies within the scope of moulding sands used in foundry practice is environmental protection. Hence, while assessing technologies, the composition of utilised materials and emissions of harmful ...

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The use of TTT diagrams of low-alloy ductile cast iron to develop a technology for the production of ADI


The presented paper is a description of the significance of CCT and TTT diagrams in the processes of heat treatment of ductile cast iron, and especially during the production of ADI. A review of literature in the subject was made. Own research inc...

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The research of innovative mixtures for plaster moulds used for artistic castings


Research was carried out on the technological properties of plaster mixtures developed at the Foundry Research Institute. Developed were mixtures of ceramic compounds in which the basic material was synthetic plaster. ...

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The research of innovative mixtures for plaster moulds used for artistic castings


Research was carried out on the technological properties of plaster mixtures developed at the Foundry Research Institute. Developed were mixtures of ceramic compounds in which the basic material was synthetic plaster. ...

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The optimisation of heat treatment parameters for selected cast AlZnMgCu(Mn) alloys


The publication presents the results of optimisation of parameters of complex heat treatment of as-cast AlZnMgCu(Mn) alloys consisting in retrogression and reaging (RRA, Retrogression and Re-aging). For comparison...

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The ecological and material-saving technology for producing brake blocks with stable parameters of quality. Part 1. Technology modernization using computer simulation


The presented article is the first in the series, which presents research related to the improvement of technology for producing brake blocks for the railway industry in the Spomel foundry in Lębork.The cooperation with the Foundry Research...

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Research on ablation casting technology for aluminium alloys


The article presents preliminary results of research on ablation casting technology. The guidelines for the design of equipment to carry out the process are described. Based on the above mentioned instructions a test stand was developed and built....

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Research problematics of casting technology machines and equipment


The article discusses the research problematics of machines and equipment for casting technologies, with the consideration of the scope of research performed in Poland in the second half of the twentieth century at main domestic university facilit...

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The effect of the addition of circulating scrap on the tensile properties of die cast magnesium alloy


Recycling of magnesium alloys is a complex issue not only because of their high reactivity and flammability even below melting temperature, but primarily because of a lack of equipment and experience in foundries. Nonetheless the environmental fac...

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The ecological and material-saving technology for producing brake blocks with stable parameters of quality Part 2. Verification of modernized technology under real conditions


The presented article is the second in the series, which presents research related to the improvement of technology for producing brake blocks for the railway industry in the Spomel foundry in Lębork. The cooperation with the Foundry Research Ins...

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The use of low-volume cup samplers for test solidification of cast iron


The aim of this paper was to assess the possibilities and benefits of using low-volume (thinned) samplers for thermal analysis of cast iron. As part of the research, a series of melts of plain cast iron and low-alloy cast iron with different struc...

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Development of innovative method to procedure chemically active nano-coatings for moulds and cores


Tests were conducted to develop a new generation of functional nano-coatings used in the foundry industry. The research focused on the introduction of modern and innovative coatings based on nanoparticles of cast elements and active chemical compo...

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Choice of mould-making technology for the modified ablation casting process


The article presents the results of tests and studies carried out within the framework of statutory activities on various additives to moulding sands based on water-soluble inorganic binders for ablative knocking out of castings. As a result of te...

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Waste moulding sand as a substitute aggregate in the manufacture of autoclaved cellular concrete


The article presents the results of research on the possibilities of utilizing waste moulding sands with silicate and geopolymer binders in the production of autoclaved cellular concrete. The high content of silica in the waste moulding and core s...

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Aromatic compounds in waste gases formed during thermal decomposition of foundry binders


The paper presents the results of analysis of gases formed under the impact of high temperature acting on moulding sands with the addition of selected organic resins and hardeners, commonly used in foundries as binders for these sands. As a resear...

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Choice of material for the working parts of machines operating in municipal wastewater treatment plants


In the research part of this study, several types of materials were proposed, including ADI (Austempered Ductile Iron) subjected to four different types of heat treatment, using cast manganese steel and cast nickel-copper steel. The use of these m...

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Inoculation of Al-Si alloys using the electromagnetic stirring method


In this research paper results concerning the inoculation method based on electromagnetic stirring of hypoeutectic aluminum with silicon alloys AlSi2 and AlSi7 grade are presented. The inoculation process used a stirrer supplied by current with a ...

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The assessment of the uniformity of the silica sol structure


Issues related to the characteristics and production of silica sols are discussed. The impact of characteristic parameters of the structure of silica sols with different participation of SiO2, Na2O and the values of silica mo...

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CastExpert system for casting defect diagnostics


The investigations of the CastExpert system have been conducted at the Foundry Research Institute for many years now, including the following: perfecting the internal structure of the system and diagnostic procedures, enriching the knowledge base ...

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Determination of the optimal austempering parameters of Ni-Cu (Mo,Mn) ductile iron based on CCT and TTT diagrams


In the research, a complex procedure was performed to determine the optimal parameters of thermal treatment of ductile iron with Ni, Cu, Mo and Mn additions which underwent austempering in order to obtain the ADI cast iron. Based on the constructe...

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Improvement of plasticity of the AlSi11 alloy due to soft annealing treatment


The paper presents research on the possibility of improving the plasticity of near-eutectic AlSi11 alloy by the use of soft annealing treatment. For two assumed input quantities, i.e. temperature and duration of the soaking treatment, based on the...

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Cast iron with vermicular graphite as a prospective material


The study presents the general data on modern cast iron with vermicular graphite, developed in Poland, which can be successfully used for casts of machine and device elements, especially those working under the conditions of thermal fatigue....

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Analysis of non-metallic inclusions in AZ91 alloy casts with process foundry return in high-pressure die casting


The article presents research results of the process foundry return influence in the AZ91 alloy charge on the change in the structure of castings made by the high-pressure casting method, with special consideration of the formation of non-metallic...

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Optimization of grain refinement and modification of the eutectic in hypo- and transeutectic Al-Si alloys


The procedures of grain refinement and modification of a silicon eutectic in hypo- and transeutectic silumins belong to important factors shaping their microstructure as well as physico-mechanical and technological properties. Due to this fact, th...

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Effect of energy mix on the phenomenon of agglomeration of non-metallic inclusion particles in liquid steel


In the research, computer calculations were performed, consisting in solving the equation of population balance and the equation of the collision frequency of non-metallic inclusion particles, depending on the type of collision. In the simulations...

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The process of bonding by methacrylamide polymerization conducted in situ on a mineral matrix


The process of bonding by polymerization of methacrylamide was performed in situ on a quartz matrix at 25°C as well as in a microwave field (150°C; 800 W; 2.45 GHz). The composition of the reaction mixture, beside methylacrylamide as the m...

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Structural studies (FTIR, DRIFT) of CMS-Na0.6 etherified starch for applications in moulding sands technology


Structural (FTIR) and thermo-analytic (DRIFT) studies were conducted on modified starch in the form of sodium salt of carboxymethyl starch (CMS-Na0.6) in the initial state, i.e. a colloidal solution, and in a cross-linked form prepared ...

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Technological solutions to extend the operating cycle of tools and industrial machinery


One of the most significant problems that engineers and researchers face is the development of technological solutions to extend the exploitation cycle of tools and industrial machinery. The research shows there are a few possibilities to solve th...

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The evaluation of microporosity and mechanical properties in high strength aluminum alloys with the use of numerical analysis and computed tomography


One of the aspects of sustainable development is the reduction of the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. This could be achieved for example by the reduction of fuel consumption. That is why the research for the new construction and...

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A comparison of the oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen content in ductile iron castings and their effect on microstructure and mechanical properties


Two different spheroidization methods were compared in terms of the effect they may have on gas content (oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen) in ductile iron castings and process efficiency.Two methods of cast iron treatment were investigated, i.e...

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High temperature wettability and reactivity between molten Mg in contact with Ni substrate


The paper focuses on the experimental investigation of high temperature wetting behaviour of liquid pure Mg during a contact heating on Ni substrate by the sessile drop method. High temperature wettability test was performed by the ...

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